Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes Fast Facts

  • Nearly 24 million people, or 8 percent of the U.S. population, have diabetes
  • 17.9 million people have been diagnosed
  • 5.7 million people are still undiagnosed

What is Diabetes?

A disease that occurs when the pancreas cannot produce insulin
the body cannot effectively use insulin being produced


                  the body improperly uses sugar

Types of Diabetes

  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Gestational Diabetes

Risk Factors

Ethnicity plays a large factor in developing diabetes. The following groups are at an increased risk:

  • African-American
  • American Indian/Alaskan Native
  • Asian-American
  • Pacific Islander
  • Hispanic-American/Latino

Overweight or obese

A family history of diabetes or gestational diabetes raises the risk

Signs & Symptoms

Diabetes warning signs in the feet:

  • Redness
  • Numbness
  • Swelling
  • Cold to touch
  • Inflammation

Diabetes’ Impact on the Feet

Neuropathy – causes numbness, burning or tingling and diminishes sensation in the feet.

Ulcers – a breakdown of skin on the foot that is difficult to heal and often leads to infection.

Amputations – occur as a result of foot wounds and ulcers that do not heal.

Prevalence of Ulcers

  • Up to 25 percent of those with diabetes will experience an ulcer or wound at some point.
  • Amputation rates can be reduced by 45 to 85 percent with a comprehensive foot care program.
  • Without proper treatment, ulcers can quickly escalate into amputation. 


Early Detection is Key

A simple foot exam can reveal the first signs and symptoms of diabetes, and identify more
serious complications that could potentially lead to lower-limb amputations.


Diabetes is a Family Affair

  • Diabetes can run in the family.
  • APMA’s campaign encourages patients to talk about the disease with family members and regularly have feet checked for signs and complications of the disease.