Diabetes Fast Facts
- Nearly 24 million people, or 8 percent of the U.S. population, have diabetes
- 17.9 million people have been diagnosed
- 5.7 million people are still undiagnosed
What is Diabetes?
A disease that occurs when the pancreas cannot produce insulin
the body cannot effectively use insulin being produced
the body improperly uses sugar
Types of Diabetes
- Type 1 Diabetes
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Gestational Diabetes
Ethnicity plays a large factor in developing diabetes. The following groups are at an increased risk:
- American Indian/Alaskan Native
- Pacific Islander
Overweight or obese
A family history of diabetes or gestational diabetes raises the risk
Signs & Symptoms
Diabetes warning signs in the feet:
- Cold to touch
Diabetes’ Impact on the Feet
Neuropathy – causes numbness, burning or tingling and diminishes sensation in the feet.
Ulcers – a breakdown of skin on the foot that is difficult to heal and often leads to infection.
Amputations – occur as a result of foot wounds and ulcers that do not heal.
Prevalence of Ulcers
- Up to 25 percent of those with diabetes will experience an ulcer or wound at some point.
- Amputation rates can be reduced by 45 to 85 percent with a comprehensive foot care program.
- Without proper treatment, ulcers can quickly escalate into amputation.
Early Detection is Key
A simple foot exam can reveal the first signs and symptoms of diabetes, and identify more
serious complications that could potentially lead to lower-limb amputations.
Diabetes is a Family Affair
- Diabetes can run in the family.
- APMA’s campaign encourages patients to talk about the disease with family members and regularly have feet checked for signs and complications of the disease.